Boundary Disputes

Boundary disputes can be a source of significant tension and conflict, as they involve issues of land ownership, property rights, and legal boundaries.

Resolving Boundary Disputes requires careful examination of historical records and physical evidence.

Boundary disputes arise when there is a disagreement or uncertainty between property owners regarding the location or ownership of a boundary line that separates their respective lands or properties. Such disputes can occur between neighbors, businesses, or even local authorities.

Boundary Disputes – Causes

1.) Unclear or ambiguous land registry information

In all but a very few instances, land registry records do not provide sufficient detail or accuracy regarding the exact location of property boundaries. This rule means that the precise line of a boundary is not determined by the Land Registry unless an application is made for it to be fixed. Case law has emphasised that the boundary line on a title plan is just a general boundary and cannot show the precise boundary between two properties.

2.) Inaccurate maps or plans

Maps and plans used to define boundaries may contain errors or discrepancies, leading to disagreements.

3.) Historical changes and boundary shifts

Over time, boundary demarcation may shift due to natural or man-made factors, such as erosion, construction, weathering of demarcation (fences) etc.

4.) Lack of proper documentation

Absence or inadequacy of clear title deeds, agreements, or surveys for instance can contribute to boundary disputes.

5.) Differences in interpretation

Individuals may have different interpretations of historical documents, maps, or verbal agreements regarding boundary lines.

Boundary Disputes – Resolutions

Resolving boundary disputes in the UK generally involves the following steps :

Communication and negotiation

Initially, it is advisable for the parties involved to engage in open and respectful communication to discuss their concerns and attempt to reach a mutual agreement. This may involve sharing evidence, conducting surveys and consulting experts.

Professional survey and assessment

If negotiation fails or if the boundaries remain disputed, it is vital that a professional suitably qualified chartered surveyor is appointed. A surveyor will examine relevant documents, and assess physical features to determine the accurate location of the boundary.

Measured Survey

If necessary, detailed drawings may need to be prepared using laser survey equipment in order to assist in establishing a boundary line (or supporting an argument being made by one party or the other).


In some cases, parties may choose to involve a neutral third-party mediator who can help facilitate discussions and guide the resolution process. The mediator assists in finding common ground and encourages compromise.

Adjudication or arbitration

If mediation is unsuccessful, parties may consider pursuing formal adjudication or arbitration. Adjudication is less formal and involves presenting the dispute to an independent expert who will make a decision based on the evidence provided. Arbitration, on the other hand, takes longer, is more formal and involves appointing an arbitrator who listens to both sides and issues a legally binding decision.

Court proceedings

In rare cases where all other methods fail, the dispute may be brought to court for resolution. Parties would present their arguments and evidence, and a judge would make a legally binding determination.

It is important to note that the resolution process can be time-consuming, costly, and emotionally draining. Resorting to the Courts to determine a boundary is a notoriously expensive and risky proposition and should be viewed as a last resort to be considered only in the most intractable of disputes. Therefore, it is advisable to explore alternative dispute resolution methods before resorting to court proceedings.

Boundary Dispute Services

So how can Anstey Horne assist?

Anstey Horne provide a full suite of surveying expertise relating to boundary determination.

Our expert surveyors will work with you to establish the position of your boundary and support you as far as needs be in resolving any boundary dispute.

Our services include :

– Review and appraisal of historic documentation, land registry information and any other supplementary information required.

– Conducting site visits to review the physical evidence ‘on the ground’ and preparation of reports giving expert advice on the boundary position.

– Production of detailed boundary drawings to support the above reports.

– Finally, if needed we are able to prepare Expert Witness Reports in accordance with Civil Procedure Rule 35.

Boundary Disputes Conclusion

Boundary disputes in the UK can be complex and contentious, involving issues of land ownership and legal boundaries.

Communication, negotiation, professional assessment, mediation, adjudication, or court proceedings are the typical steps followed in the resolution process.

To achieve a satisfactory resolution while minimizing conflict and cost it is crucial for the parties involved to seek legal advice and consider alternative dispute resolution methods.

Negotiation and the alternative dispute resolution processes should be supported by expert surveying advice. Our expert team of boundary specialists can determine the correct boundary position and support the resolution of any dispute.

For a quotation on any of the above services, please feel free to contact one of our expert boundary dispute surveyors today.

Local Party Wall & Boundary Surveyors

To contact a Party Wall and Boundary surveyor that’s local to you, see details of our teams in :

For advice direct from one of our Surveyors, please call our Enquiry line on 020 4534 3135.

If you are planning work that is covered by the Act, or if you have received notice of work from a neighbour and want advice on how best to protect your property please contact:

Link: Contact Us

Team members shown:

  • Rickie Bloom
  • Geoffrey Adams
  • Mark Crowley